During 2016, the Italian Government was often questioned before the Parliament about arms exports from Italy to countries where either a conflict was occurring or international norms were being violated. The statements by the different members of the Government highlighted a heterogeneous practice, contingent upon different variables, some of which related to the presence of international measures and others to political considerations of the Government itself.
Throughout 2016, the Italian Government was called upon on several occasions to express its position on the negotiation and approval of the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement between Canada and the EU (CETA). In May 2016, the Government – in contrast with the wide majority of the other EU Member States – announced its willingness to consider CETA as a “EU only agreement”, falling within the sole competence of the EU as part of its commercial policy. On the contrary, in July 2016 the EU Commission decided to qualify CETA as a “mixed agreement”, subject to the approval of each of the national parliaments of the EU Member States. The Government’s view on the matter was expressed in particular on the following occasions:
CHAMBER OF DEPUTIES, XVII LEGISLATURE, 485th MEETING, 18 SEPTEMBER 2015
On 18 September 2015, the Government was asked to express its position on the controversial investor-State dispute settlement clauses (ISDS clauses) contained in relevant commercial treaties the European Union has negotiated, or is negotiating, with some of its trade partners (in particular, the EU-Canada Comprehensive Trade Agreement, CETA, and the EU-US Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, TTIP). On behalf of the Government, the Deputy Minister of Economic Development, Mr Carlo Calenda, replied that
UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY, SIXTH COMMITTEE (LXVIII Session, XI Meeting), OBSERVER STATUS FOR THE INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR THE UNIFICATION OF PRIVATE LAW IN THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY (UNIDROIT), 16 OCTOBER 2013.
On 16 October 2013, during the XI meeting of the Sixth Committee of the UN General Assembly, the Deputy Permanent Representative of Italy, Amb. Antonio Bernardini, submitted the draft resolution A/C.6/68/L.5 on the Observer Status for the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT) in the General Assembly. Amb. Bernardini expressed support for the further development of the natural links between the Institute and the United Nations, in order to obtain greater mutual benefits and to lay the foundations for positive interactions between the two institutions. He drew the attention of delegations: